Prasajyapratiṣedha

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Key Term prasajyapratiṣedha
Hover Popup Choices nonimplicative negation; non-implicative negation; non-affirming negation; me gak; med dgag; nonaffirming negation
In Tibetan Script མེད་དགག་
Wylie Tibetan Transliteration med dgag
Devanagari Sanskrit Script प्रसज्यप्रतिषेध
Romanized Sanskrit prasajyapratiṣedha
Tibetan Phonetic Rendering me gak
English Standard non-implicative negation
Karl Brunnhölzl's English Term nonimplicative negation
Richard Barron's English Term unqualified negation
Jeffrey Hopkin's English Term non-affirming negation; non-affirming negative
Dan Martin's English Term absolute negation (exclusion negation)
Gyurme Dorje's English Term explicit negation
Ives Waldo's English Term refuting as being nonexistent
Term Type Noun
Source Language Sanskrit
Basic Meaning A negation that merely denies the existence of something, without implicitly suggesting an alternative.
Has the Sense of This is the type of negation that is associated with the classical Madhyamaka presentation of emptiness in which that absence is taken literally. It is typical of the philosophical position that became known as self-emptiness.
Related Terms paryudāsapratiṣedha
Definitions
TshigmdzodChenmo dgag pa'i nang gses/ rang dngos su rtogs pa'i blo'am rang brjod pa'i sgras rang gi dgag bya dngos su bcad tsam gyis rtogs par bya ba ste/ gang zag gi bdag med lta bu/ bdag bkag pa'i shul du don gzhan mi 'phen pa'o/
Other Definitions

A nonimplicative negation is simply denial, like the denial of essence or identity, without implying anything else or deferring that essence to some “other.” ....when we consider the classic example of a nonimplicative negation, “Brahmins should not drink alcohol,” we can see how the connotative force of this negation is simple denial devoid of implication.

Duckworth, Douglas. "Onto-theology and Emptiness: The Nature of Buddha-Nature." Journal of the American Academy of Religion vol. 82, no. 4, (2014): 1075-1076.


A negation that merely denies the existence of something, without implicitly suggesting an alternative.

A negation that merely denies the existence of something, without implicitly suggesting an alternative.

A negation that merely denies the existence of something, without implicitly suggesting an alternative.

A negation that merely denies the existence of something, without implicitly suggesting an alternative.

A negation that merely denies the existence of something, without implicitly suggesting an alternative.

A negation that merely denies the existence of something, without implicitly suggesting an alternative.

Along with Yogācāra, it was one of the two major philosophical schools of Mahāyāna Buddhism. Founded by Nāgārjuna in the C. 2nd Century, it is rooted in the Prajñāpāramitā Sūtras, though it's initial exposition was presented in Nāgārjuna's Mūlamadhyamakakārikā.

The state of being empty of self, which references the lack of inherent existence in relative phenomena.

Though it can simply be used as the expression "I" or "me", in Indian thought the notion of self refers to a permanent, unchanging entity, such as that which passes from life to life in the case of people, or the innate essence svabhāva of phenomena.