Kleśa

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Key Term kleśa
Hover Popup Choices nyon mongs; disturbing emotions; afflictions; afflictive emotions; klesha
In Tibetan Script ཉོན་མོངས་
Wylie Tibetan Transliteration nyon mongs
Devanagari Sanskrit Script क्लेश
Romanized Sanskrit kleśa
Tibetan Phonetic Rendering nyönmong
Sanskrit Phonetic Rendering klesha
Chinese Script 煩惱
Chinese Pinyin fànnǎo
Japanese Transliteration bonnō
English Standard afflictive emotions
Karl Brunnhölzl's English Term affliction
Richard Barron's English Term afflictive emotion; emotionally tainted; afflictive state
Jeffrey Hopkin's English Term affliction; afflictive emotions
Dan Martin's English Term afflictive emotion
Gyurme Dorje's English Term dissonant mental states
Ives Waldo's English Term emotional defilement
Term Type Noun
Source Language Sanskrit
Basic Meaning Often referred to as poisons, these are a class of disturbing or disruptive emotional states that when aroused negatively affect or taint the mind.
Related Terms triviṣa
Definitions
Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism See page 438: In Sanskrit, “afflictions,” or “defilements”; mental factors that disturb the mind and incite unwholesome (akuśala) deeds of body, speech, and/or mind. In order to be liberated from rebirth, the kleśa and the actions they incite must be controlled and finally eliminated. A typical Standard list of kleśa includes the so-called three poisons (trjviṣa) of greed or sensuality (rāga or lobha), hatred or aversion (dveṣa), and delusion (moha).
Rangjung Yeshe's English Term Skt. kleshas. Emotions, conflicting/negative/obscuring. affliction [thd]. klesha 1) disturbed, weary/ troubled/ miserable; turbulent. 2) disturbing emotions, negative emotion. passions, affliction, emotionality, delusion, affect, bad thought, conflicting emotions, fettering passions; [something that is difficult which muddies the stream of awareness], hardship; Def: sems kyi rgyu'am byed pa ma zhi ba
Tshig mdzod Chen mo (kleshaH) lus sems gdung ba'i dka' las sam ngal dub dang/ mi dge ba'i las bskul bas rang rgyud rab tu ma zhi bar byed pa'i sems byung/