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Key Term Hīnayāna
Hover Popup Choices Hīnayāna; Lesser Vehicle
In Tibetan Script ཐེག་དམན།
Wylie Tibetan Transliteration theg dman
Devanagari Sanskrit Script हीनयान
Romanized Sanskrit hīnayāna
Tibetan Phonetic Rendering thekmen
Chinese Script 小乘
Chinese Pinyin xiǎo chéng
English Standard Lesser Vehicle
Jeffrey Hopkin's English Term Lesser Vehicle
Ives Waldo's English Term lesser/individual vehicle
Alternate Spellings theg pa dman pa
Term Type Noun
Source Language Sanskrit
Basic Meaning The mainstream teachings and the early schools of Buddhism which primarily taught individual liberation through practice-focused renunciation and monasticism, considered lesser than the later movement of the Greater Vehicle (Mahāyāna), which professed enlightenment for all sentient beings and promoted compassion.
Has the Sense of The term was used mainly by the proponents of the Greater Vehicle, who considered the goals, understanding, practices, methods, and results of this school as being lesser in scope.
Related Terms nikāya;śravakayāna
Wikipedia wikipedia:Hinayana