Svabhāva

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Key Term svabhāva
Hover Popup Choices intrinsic nature; own nature; self-nature
In Tibetan Script རང་བཞིན་
Wylie Tibetan Transliteration rang bzhin
Devanagari Sanskrit Script स्वभाव
Romanized Sanskrit svabhāva
Tibetan Phonetic Rendering rangzhin
Chinese Script 自性
Chinese Pinyin zìxìng
English Standard intrinsic nature
Karl Brunnhölzl's English Term nature
Richard Barron's English Term nature of being
Jeffrey Hopkin's English Term inherent nature
Dan Martin's English Term own-ness
Ives Waldo's English Term intrinsic nature
Term Type Noun
Source Language Sanskrit
Basic Meaning The nature or essence of a thing, which originates only from itself and is not dependent on any external entities, causes or conditions.
Has the Sense of An innate attribute that establishes the completely independent existence of an entity, which is typically refuted in the Madhyamaka notion of emptiness.
Definitions
Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism See page 879: In Sanskrit, “self-nature,” “intrinsic existence,” or “inherent existence,” the term has a general sense of “essence” or “nature,” but is used in philosophical literature.
Rangjung Yeshe's English Term An inherently existent and independent entity of the individual self or of phenomena. Something that can serve as a valid basis for individual attributes.
Other Definitions Richard Barron: the very nature of things


The nature or essence of a thing, which originates only from itself and is not dependent on any external entities, causes or conditions.

The nature or essence of a thing, which originates only from itself and is not dependent on any external entities, causes or conditions.

The nature or essence of a thing, which originates only from itself and is not dependent on any external entities, causes or conditions.

Along with Yogācāra, it was one of the two major philosophical schools of Mahāyāna Buddhism. Founded by Nāgārjuna in the C. 2nd Century, it is rooted in the Prajñāpāramitā Sūtras, though it's initial exposition was presented in Nāgārjuna's Mūlamadhyamakakārikā.

The state of being empty of an innate nature, due to a lack of independently existing characteristics.