Pratītyasamutpāda

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Key Term pratītyasamutpāda
Hover Popup Choices dependent arising; dependent origination; dependently arisen
In Tibetan Script རྟེན་ཅིང་འབྲེལ་བར་འབྱུང་བ་; རྟེན་འབྲེལ་
Wylie Tibetan Transliteration rten cing 'brel bar 'byung ba; rten 'brel
Devanagari Sanskrit Script प्रतीत्यसमुत्पाद
Tibetan Phonetic Rendering tenching drelwar jungwa
Chinese Script 緣起
Chinese Pinyin yuánqǐ
Japanese Transliteration engi
English Standard dependent origination
Karl Brunnhölzl's English Term dependent origination
Richard Barron's English Term interdependence; occurring in/ coming into being through interdependent connection; interdependent origination
Jeffrey Hopkin's English Term dependent-arising
Dan Martin's English Term Emerging through containment-connection.
Gyurme Dorje's English Term dependent origination
Ives Waldo's English Term Interdependent origination
Term Type Noun
Source Language Sanskrit
Basic Meaning The notion that all phenomena arise in dependence on causes and conditions.
Has the Sense of In Madhyamaka thought it is used to describe the relative level of the truth. Since phenomena come into being interdependently at this level, they are therefore empty of inherent existence at the ultimate level.
Definitions
Rangjung Yeshe's English Term dependent origination. The natural law that all phenomena arise 'dependent upon' their own causes 'in connection with' their individual conditions. The fact that no phenomena appear without a cause and none are made by an uncaused creator. Everything arises exclusively due to and dependent upon the coincidence of causes and conditions without which they cannot possibly appear.
Wikipedia wikipedia:Pratītyasamutpāda
sutra/śastra quote: Because there are no phenomena
That are not dependently arisen,
There are no phenomena
That are not empty.
sutra/śastra quote source: Nāgārjuna. Mūlamadhyamakakārikā Chapter 24, Verse 19.
Usage Example

apratītya samutpanno dharmaḥ kaścin na vidyate
yasmāt tasmād aśūnyo hi dharmaḥ kaścin na vidyate

གང་ཕྱིར་རྟེན་འབྱུང་མ་ཡིན་པའི།
།ཆོས་འགའ་ཡོད་པ་མ་ཡིན་པ།
།དེ་ཕྱིར་སྟོང་པ་མ་ཡིན་པའི།
།ཆོས་འགའ་ཡོད་པ་མ་ཡིན་ནོ།

Nāgārjuna. Mūlamadhyamakakārikā, XXIV.19


The notion that all phenomena arise in dependence on causes and conditions.

The notion that all phenomena arise in dependence on causes and conditions.

The notion that all phenomena arise in dependence on causes and conditions.

Along with Yogācāra, it was one of the two major philosophical schools of Mahāyāna Buddhism. Founded by Nāgārjuna in the C. 2nd Century, it is rooted in the Prajñāpāramitā Sūtras, though it's initial exposition was presented in Nāgārjuna's Mūlamadhyamakakārikā.