Paratantrasvabhāva

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Key Term paratantrasvabhāva
Hover Popup Choices dependent nature; other-powered nature
In Tibetan Script གཞན་དབང་གི་རང་བཞིན་
Wylie Tibetan Transliteration gzhan dbang gi rang bzhin
Devanagari Sanskrit Script परतन्त्रस्वभाव
Romanized Sanskrit paratantrasvabhāva
Tibetan Phonetic Rendering zhenwang gi rangzhin
English Standard dependent nature
Karl Brunnhölzl's English Term dependent nature
Jeffrey Hopkin's English Term other-powered nature
Term Type Noun
Source Language Sanskrit
Basic Meaning The second of the three natures, according to the Yogācāra school. It is the dependent nature that is used to describe the relationship between mind and its objects, though there is a clear emphasis on the latter. Hence, this nature is concerned with the nature of seemingly external objects that arise in dependence upon causes and conditions.
Has the Sense of The relatively dependent nature of phenomena and the consciousness that perceives them.
Related Terms trisvabhāva
Definitions


The second of the three natures, according to the Yogācāra school. It is the dependent nature that is used to describe the relationship between mind and its objects, though there is a clear emphasis on the latter. Hence, this nature is concerned with the nature of seemingly external objects that arise in dependence upon causes and conditions.

The second of the three natures, according to the Yogācāra school. It is the dependent nature that is used to describe the relationship between mind and its objects, though there is a clear emphasis on the latter. Hence, this nature is concerned with the nature of seemingly external objects that arise in dependence upon causes and conditions.

According to the Yogācāra school, all phenomena can be divided into three natures or characteristics: the imaginary, dependent, and perfect.

Along with Madhyamaka, it was one of the two major philosophical schools of Mahāyāna Buddhism. Founded by Asaṅga and Vasubandhu in the C. 4th Century, many of its central tenets have roots in the Saṃdhinirmocanasūtra and the so-called Third Turning of the Dharma-Wheel (See tridharmacakrapravartana).

According to the Yogācāra school, all phenomena can be divided into three natures or characteristics: the imaginary, dependent, and perfect.