|In Tibetan Script||ཇོ་ནང་|
|Wylie Tibetan Transliteration||jo nang|
|Tibetan Phonetic Rendering||jo nang|
|Basic Meaning||The Jonang tradition was established by Dolpopa Sherab Gyaltsen, a thirteenth century Sakya monk famous for his Zhentong teachings. The Jonang teachings and monasteries were suppressed in Tibet in the seventeenth century but survived in Amdo.|
The Sakya tradition developed in the eleventh century in the Khon family of Tsang, which maintained an Imperial-era lineage of Vajrakīla and which adopted a new teaching from India known as Lamdre.
The state of being devoid of that which is wholly different, or essentially nonexistent, meaning that it is inherently free of these external contaminants.