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Key Term ātman
In Tibetan Script བདག་
Wylie Tibetan Transliteration bdag
Devanagari Sanskrit Script आत्मन्
Tibetan Phonetic Rendering dak
Chinese Script 我; 灵魂
Chinese Pinyin wǒ; línghún
Japanese Transliteration ga
Korean Transliteration a
English Standard self
Term Type Noun
Source Language Sanskrit
Basic Meaning Though it can simply be used as the expression "I" or "me", in Indian thought the notion of self refers to a permanent, unchanging entity, such as that which passes from life to life in the case of people, or the innate essence svabhāva of phenomena.
Has the Sense of The notion of ātman is often equated with the Western notions of an eternal soul.
Related Terms anātman;svabhāva
Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism See page 78: In Sanskrit, “self’ or “I,” with a similar range of meanings as the terms possess in English, but used especially to refer to a perduring substratum of being that is the agent of actions, the possessor of mind and body (nāmarūpa), and that passes from lifetime to lifetime.